刘伯温期期准选一肖

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瓷砖粘贴后出现大面积空鼓的原因分析

2015-03-24 21:34:49

现代厨卫间饰面材料多以瓷砖为主。近年来,随着业主对这些区域防水等级要求的提高、瓷砖质量的提升,瓷砖空鼓、脱落的现象一直居高不下,不仅对人们的财产造成损失,有时甚至会对人们的身体(尤其是孩童)造成严重的伤害。引起瓷砖空鼓、脱落的因素很多,本文主要针对几种常见现象进行分析研究,找出最佳选材及施工方案以避免出现瓷砖空鼓、脱落的现象。

CHANGGUICHUWEIJIANCIZHUANSHIMIANTIXIYOULIZHIWAIFENBIEWEI:JICENG、FANGSHUICENG、ZHANJIECENG、CIZHUAN、TIANFENGJI。

 

现象一 传统的贴砖工艺与新型建材不匹配造成瓷砖空鼓、脱落

1.在聚合物水泥防水层上采用传统水泥砂浆厚贴法贴砖的危害

刘伯温期期准选一肖 SUIZHECHUWEIFANGSHUIDENGJIBUDUANTISHENG,JUHEWUSHUINIFANGSHUITULIAOKAISHIJINRUCHUWEIXITONG。DANGCAIYONGSHUINISHAJIANGHOUTIEFAZHANTIECIZHUANSHI,RUOCAIQUWUFENGZHANTIE,HUOZHETIANFENGGUOZAO,YINZHANJIESHAJIANGZHONGSUOHANSHUILIANGYUANYUANCHAOGUOSHUINISHUIHUADEXUSHUILIANG,DUOYUDESHUIFENWUCHULIUSHI,CONGERDAOZHIFANGSHUICENGZHANGQICHUYUBEISHUIJINRUNDEZHUANGTAI,FANGSHUICAILIAOKANGLAQIANGDUDAFUXIAJIANG。YOUQISHIJSLEIROUXINGFANGSHUICAILIAO,SUIZHEROURENXINGYUEGAOHUOYOUJIWUHANLIANGYUEGAO,QIZHANJIEQIANGDUYUEDI。RUZAIBIAOZHUNZHUANGTAIXIA,JSIIIXING(L-105)DEZHANJIEQIANGDUWEI1.0Mpa,IIXING(L-98)DEWEI0.7Mpa,DANZAIZHANGQIBEISHUIJINRUNDEZHUANGTAIXIA,QIZHANJIEQIANGDUDADAZHEKOU。CISHI,20~30mmHOUDESHUINISHAJIANGBENSHENJIASHANGCIZHIZHUANDEZHONGLIANGMEIPINGFANGMIGAODA20kgYISHANG,YUANYUANCHAOGUOSHOUQINRUNDEFANGSHUICENGSUONENGCHENGZAIDEFUHE,ZAILIMIANSHANGBIRANDAOZHIFANGSHUICENGDECENGJIANCHANSHENGBOLI。

预防措施:

①BAOZHENGFANGSHUICENGDEHOUDUQIETIEZHUANQIANYULIUZUGOUDESHIJIANGONGFANGSHUICENGGUHUA;

刘伯温期期准选一肖 ②TIEZHUANSHIYULIUCIZHUANSHENSUOFENG,BINGZAI24XIAOSHIHOUJINXINGTIANFENGCHULI(SHIQIHOUDEBUTONGKEJINXINGXIANGYINGDIAOJIE);

③XUANZECIZHUANJIAOZUOWEIZHANJIECAILIAOBINGCAIYONGBOTIEFASHIGONG。

 

2.普通瓷砖胶与传统厚贴法工艺混搭的危害

刘伯温期期准选一肖 CIZHUANJIAOSHIZAISHUINISHAJIANGDEJICHUSHANGGAIJINDEYIKUANCIZHUANZHANTIECAILIAO,JUYOU①CAIYONGBOTUFA,ZIZHONGQING,YONGLIANGSHAO,JIEYUECHENGBEN;②ZHANJIEXIAOGUOHAO,NAIJIUXINGNENGYOUYI;③SHIGONGZHONGBUYONGPAOZHUANSHIQIANG,KETIGAOXIAOLV、FANGBIANKUAIJIE;④YOUYIDEKANGSHEN、KANGLAOHUAXINGNENG;⑤JIARUKEZAIFENSANRUJIAOFEN,KEXISHOUDICAIYUCIZHUANZHIJIANDEYINGLI,BIMIANCIZHUANKONGGUHUOTUOLUO;⑥KANGHUAYI、KEDIAOZHENG;⑦WUDU、WUWEI,LVSEHUANBAODENGTEXING。YINWEICIZHUANJIAOBENSHENYOUYIDEZHANTIEXINGNENG,QIZAISHIYONGSHIYIBANCAIYONGBOTIEFA(1.5~3.mm),JINENGBAOZHENGZHANTIEXIAOGUO,YOUNENGJIEYUECHENGBEN。RUOCAIYONGHOUTIEFA(10~30mm),FANERHUIJIADACIZHUANJIAOBENSHENYINWEISHUINISHUIHUAGUOCHENGJIWAIBUHUANJINGDEGAIBIANSUOYINQIDEBIANXINGJISHU,CONGERZENGJIACIZHUANJIAODEZHENGTIBIANXINGLIANG,YINWEICIZHUANJIAOYUSHUINIJILEIFANGSHUICAILIAOGUYOUDEXIANGRONGXINGBAOZHENGLEQIZHIJIANDEYOUXIAOZHANJIE,ERCIZHUANYUCIZHUANJIAOZHIJIANYINCAIZHIBUTONGDEBIANXINGCHAHENDA,ZUIZHONGDAOZHICIZHUANJIAOYUCIZHUANZHIJIANKENENGCHUXIANKONGGU、TUOLUODEXIANXIANG。

预防措施:采用正确的薄贴法进行施工。

 

现象二 新型饰面材料与传统粘贴材料不匹配

SHUINISHAJIANGHOUTIEFADAPEIGAOMIDUDECIZHIZHUAN、BOHUAZHUANDAOZHIDECIZHUANKONGGU、TUOLUO。

SHUINISHAJIANGZHANTIEYUANLI:SHUINISHAJIANGSHENRUCIZHUANBEIMIANDEKONGXIZHONG,NINGJIEYINGHUA,QIDAOLEISIYAOCHICHARUSUOKONGDEJIXIEQIANGUZUOYONG,JIANGCIZHUANYUJICAILIANJIEQILAI。QIZHANJIEQIANGDUQUJUEYUJICAIDEKONGXILVHECIZHUANDEXISHUILV。

CIZHUANJIAOZHANTIEYUANLI:CIZHUANJIAOBUJINJUYOUSHUINISHAJIANGDECHUANTONGJIXIEQIANGUYUANLI,LINGWAIZAICIZHUANMIANWUKONGXIQIEXISHUILIANGJIAOXIAOSHI,NENGGOUTONGGUOZAICIZHUANYUCIZHUANJIAOZHANJIEMIANDEJUHEWUMOCHANSHENGDEFENZIJIANZUOYONGLIQIDAOZHANTIEZUOYONG。

刘伯温期期准选一肖 SUOYI,DANGSHIMIANZHUANWEIXINXINGGAOMIDUDECIZHIZHUAN、BOHUAZHUANSHI,SHIYONGCHUANTONGSHUINISHAJIANGZUOWEIZHANTIECAILIAO,HENNANSHENRUCIZHICENGXINGCHENGJIXIEQIANGU,DAOZHICIZHUANCONGSHUINISHAJIANGCENGSHANGTUOLUO。YOUQIZAICAIYONGWUFENGZHANTIECIZHUANDEQINGKUANGXIAGENGWEITUCHU。

预防措施:刘伯温期期准选一肖当饰面砖为新型高密度的瓷质砖、玻化砖时,应使用瓷砖胶作为粘贴材料并按照相应配套的施工工法施工。

 

现象三 超弹型防水材料与粘贴材料不匹配

DANGXUANZECHAODANXINGFANGSHUICAILIAOZUOWEIFANGSHUICENGSHI(RUJUANZHIFANGSHUITULIAO、JSIXINGFANGSHUITULIAO),YINWEIFANGSHUICENGDECHAOQIANGZENGSHUIXIAOGUOHEGUANGHUADEBIAOMIANCENG,SHISHUINISHAJIANGWUFAYUFANGSHUICENGZHIJIANXINGCHENGYOUXIAODEZHANTIE,ZUIZHONGJIANGHUIDAOZHISHUINISHAJIANGCONGFANGSHUICENGSHANGTUOLUO。

预防措施:当选择超弹型防水材料作为防水层时应在防水层表面做撒砂处理,并选择瓷砖胶作为粘接材料,采用薄贴法工艺进行施工。

刘伯温期期准选一肖  

现象四 基面强度低

刘伯温期期准选一肖 JIMIANYANSHOUSHIFANGSHUISHIGONGDEDIYIGEHUANJIE,RUGUOJIMIANQIANGDUMEINENGDADAOGUIDINGDEQIANGDUYAOQIU,FANGSHUICENGYUJIMIANZHIJIANDEZHANJIEBULAO。ZAIWANCHENGSHIMIANCIZHUANZHANTIEHOU,YINWEIFANGSHUICENG、ZHANJIECENG、SHIMIANCENGDEZHENGTIZHONGLIANGJIAODA,JIANGHUIDAOZHIFANGSHUICENGYUJIMIANZHIJIANDEBOLI。

预防措施:防水施工前做好基面验收工作,对于强度不够的基面可以涂刷一层墙面固化剂作增强处理。情况严重时要铲除重做。

 

现象五 防水层强度不够

刘伯温期期准选一肖 QIANMIANFENXIFANGSHUICENGQIANGDUBUGOUDEQINGKUANGXIA,HUICHUXIANFANGSHUICENGBOLIDEXIANXIANG,CHUGUOZAOTIEZHUAN(YOUQISHIDAMIANZHUAN)WAI,FANGSHUICAILIAOBENSHENDEZHILIANGWENTI(WEILIECHANPIN),HUOZAIFANGSHUITULIAOSHIEWAITIANJIAQITACAILIAO(SHUINI、SHA、GUOLIANGDESHUI)YEHUIDAOZHIFANGSHUICENGDEQIANGDUSUNSHI,ZUIZHONGDAOZHIFANGSHUICENGBOLIDEXIANXIANG。

预防措施:选择正规品牌防水产品,严格按照产品说明书施工规范要求进行防水施工。采用水泥基类产品时,施工前必须润湿基面。

 

现象六 贴砖前防水层表面被污染

ANZHAOGUIFANYAOQIU,TIEZHUANQIANYINGLIUYOUYIDINGSHIJIANRANGFANGSHUICENGGANGUYITIGONGZUGOUDEQIANGDU。QIJIANRUGUOFANGSHUICENGBIAOMIANZAODAOYOUWU、FENCHENDENGWURAN,ZHANTIECAILIAOYUFANGSHUICENGZHIJIANBUNENGXINGCHENGYOUXIAODEZHANJIE,JIANGHUIDAOZHIFANGSHUICENGYUZHANTIECAILIAOZHIJIANDEBOLI。

刘伯温期期准选一肖 YUFANGCUOSHI:

TIEZHUANQIANYINGDUIFANGSHUICENGJINXINGJIANCHA,DUIYIBEIWURANDEFANGSHUICENGJINXINGQINGJIECHULI,YEKEYONGJUHEWUJIEMIANJIYUCHULIHOUZAITIEZHUAN。

 

现象七 粘贴层强度不够

ZHANTIECAILIAODEQIANGDUWENTIJIANGHUIZHIJIEDAOZHICIZHUANDEKONGGU、TUOLUO。

YINGXIANGZHANTIECAILIAOQIANGDUDEYINSUZHUYAOYOU:

1.SHIGONGWENDUGUODI,DAOZHIZHANTIECAILIAOBINGDONG,QIANGDUBUGOU;

刘伯温期期准选一肖 2.SHIYONGCIZHUANJIAOTIEZHUANSHIJIAOBANFANGFABUDANGDAOZHICAILIAOBUJUNYUN;

刘伯温期期准选一肖 3.EWAITIANJIASHUINI、SHADENGGAIBIANCAILIAOPEIBI;

4.CAILIAOSHIYONGZHONGSHIJIANGUOZHANG,ZAICIJIASHUIJIAOBANSHIYONG,YINGXIANGCAILIAOQIANGDU;

5.CAILIAOBENSHENDEZHILIANGWENTI(WEILIECHANPIN)。

预防措施:选择正规品牌产品,严格按照施工规范及产品使用说明进行施工。

刘伯温期期准选一肖  

其它现象

刘伯温期期准选一肖 ①CIZHUANJIAOSHIGONGSHIWEISHIYONGZHUANYONGGONGJU,DAOZHICIZHUANBIANJIAOKONGGU;

②TIEZHUANSHIWEIROUYA,DAOZHIJIAOJIANGZHANJIEBULAO;

③YICIXINGTUMOMIANJIGUODA,ZHANGSHIJIANWEIWANCHENGTIEZHUAN,JIAOJIANGBIAOMIANYIJIEMO;

ZONGZHI,YAOCONGGENBENSHANGBIMIANCIZHUANKONGGU、TUOLUODEXIANXIANG,SHOUXIANYAODAPOCHUANTONGGUANNIAN,ZHENGQUERENSHIXINCAILIAO、XINGONGFA。QICISHIXUANZEZHENGGUIPINPAICHANPIN,YOUZHUANYERENYUANYANGEANZHAOSHIGONGGUIFANJICHANPINSHIYONGSHUOMINGJINXINGSHIGONG。TEBIESHISHEJIRENYUANWUBIYAOZONGHEFANGSHUICAILIAO、ZHANTIECAILIAO、CIZHUAN、QIHOUDENGYINSU,SHEJIHELIDEXUANCAIJISHIGONGFANGAN,FOUZEBIRANZAOCHENGNANYIYULIAODEHOUGUO。