刘伯温期期准选一肖

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中国健康防水涂料领导 专业防水 健康生活

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解析防水涂料的分类及作用原理

2016-08-17 11:37:07

水灰比(w/c)较低、配合比良好的混凝土,经过充分养护后可以成为耐久性优异的材料,其渗透性很低,具有对液态水渗透的抵抗力;尽管如此,这样的混凝土也不总是能够阻挡水从其内部通过的。水能够从混凝土内部通过,有两个主要因素:毛细孔吸附和静水压力。

   MAOXIKONGXIFUSHIZHISHUITONGGUOHUNNINGTUZISHENDEKONGHEWEIGUANLIEWENJINXINGQIANYIDEYIZHONGXIANXIANG。WEIGUANLIEWENYIBANCHICUNZAI0.004 mmZUOYOU,ZUIDAKEZHI0.02 mm。WEIGUANLIEWENBAOKUOJUEDABUFENDESHOUSUOLIEWENHEBUFENCHENJIANGLIEFENG。JIEGUANLIEWENCHICUNYIBANZAI0.1 mmZUOYOU。HONGGUANLIEWENGENGDA,CHICUNWEI0.15~0.3 mm 。HalvorsenRENWEI,SHOUBIAOMIANZHIDIHEQITAYINSUYINGXIANG,RENLEIROUYANKEYIJUECHADAOZUIXIDELIEWENWEI0.13 mm,ZHEIZHENGHAOCHUYUJIEGUANLIEWENHEHONGGUANLIEWENZHIJIAN。

刘伯温期期准选一肖   DANGHUNNINGTUWAIBIAOMIANSHOUCHAOSHI(RUYUSHUIXIJIJIANZHUWUDESHUXIANGWAIQIANGSHI),JIUHUICHANSHENGMAOXIKONGXIFUXIAOYING。SHUITONGGUOHUNNINGTUSHIYINYALICHAYICHANSHENGLEJINGSHUIYALI。DIJIAOHUOCHUSHUICHIZHOUBIANDEDIXIASHUI、WUMIANJISHUIDENGDOUHUIYINWEIJINGSHUIYALIERCHANSHENGSHUIDEYUNDONG。

刘伯温期期准选一肖   JIANSHAOSHUIZAIHUNNINGTUZHONGSHENTOUTONGDAODEFANGFADAZHIYOULIANGLEI:FANGSHUIHEFANGCHAO。FANGSHUIXITONGZUAISHUIZAIJINGSHUIYALIXIATONGGUO;FANGCHAOXITONGFANGZHIFEIJINGSHUIYALIXIASHUIDESHENTOU。DANSHILIANGZHEDOUWUFAZUZHISHUIZAIHUNNINGTUDALIEWEN(HONGGUANLIEWEN)ZHONGDESHENTOU。

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 HUNNINGTUZAIYANGHUGUOCHENGZHONGHUIFASHENGSHOUSUOXIANXIANG,ZHENGYINRUCI,DANGZAIJIUHUNNINGTUSHANGJIAOZHUXINHUNNINGTUSHI,XINJIUHUNNINGTUJIEFENGBUWEIZAIQICHUKANQILAISHIMISHIDE;SUIZHEYANGHUDEJINXING,SHOUSUOSHITAMENZHI JIANCHANSHENGLEKONGXI。SHOUSUODECHENGDUYUYIXIAJIGEZHONGYAOYINSUXIANGGUAN:SHUINIYONGLIANG、w/cBIHEGULIAOYONGLIANG。LIRU,DUIYUw/cBIWEI0.5、GULIAOYONGLIANGWEI70 %DEHUNNINGTUERYAN,HUNNINGTUSHOUSUODAYUEWEI0.02 mm/mm。YIKUAI25YINGCHI(YUE7.62 m)ZHANGDEHUNNINGTU,ANZHAOSHANGSHUDEw/cBIHEGULIAOYONGLIANG,SHOUSUOJIANGDADAO6.1 mm。YINCI,LENGJIEFENGYINQIDEFENGXISHISHUIRUQINDEYIZHONGZHONGYAOTONGDAO。JINGYANGAOSUWOMEN,WULUNSHIFANGCHAOXITONGHAISHIFANGSHUIXITONG,TAMENDOUBUNENGWANQUANYOUXIAODIZUZHISHUITONGGUOLENGJIEFENGSHENTOU。

  YIXIASHIZUZHISHUITOUGUOHUNNINGTUDELIANGGEJIBENFANGFA:HUNNINGTUZISHENBUKEHUOQUEDEWAIJIAJI(FANGSHENJI)HEYONGYUHUNNINGTUBIAOMIANDEPINGZHANGXINGFANGSHUIJI。

  1、外加剂(防渗剂)

  HUNNINGTUWAIJIAJIZHONGDEFANGSHENJI(PRA)KEYIKONGZHISHIQIHUOSHUIZAIHUNNINGTUZHONGDEYUNDONG。MEIGUOHUNNINGTUXIEHUI(ACI)JIANGTAMENFENWEISANDALEI:ZENGSHUIXINGFANGSHUIJI、XIFENSANWUHEJIEJINGWAIJIAJI。

刘伯温期期准选一肖  ZENGSHUIXINGFANGSHUIJISHIZHEILEIFANGSHENJIDEZUIDAQUNTI。ZHEIGEQUNTIBAOHANYOUZHANGLIANZHIFANGSUANYANSHENGWU、ZHIWUYOUHESHIYOUFUCHANPINZHIBEIERCHENGDECAILIAO。ZHEIXIEZENGSHUIXINGFANGSHUIJINENGYANZHEHUNNINGTUDEKONGXISHENGCHENGZENG SHUIXINGMO,DANSHIHUNNINGTUKONGXIRENGCHENGWULIKAIFANGZHUANGTAI。ZHEIXIECHANPINDUIFANGCHAOGONGCHENGFEICHANGSHIYONG,DANSHIZAIJINGSHUIYALIXIARENGWUFAZUZHISHUIZAIHUNNINGTUZHONGDEQIANYI。

  ZUICHANGYONGDEZENGSHUIXINGFANGSHUIJISHUYUYINGZHISUANLEIWUZHI,RUYINGZHISUANGAI,QIZUOYONGJILIJIANXIASHI。

刘伯温期期准选一肖   Ca(OH)2+RCOOH→Ca+COOR- +H2O

刘伯温期期准选一肖  BOTELANSHUINISHUIHUACHANSHENGLEQINGYANGHUAGAI,ZAIYUYINGZHISUANYANFANYINGSHENGCHENGBURONGXINGDEYINGZHISUANGAIHESHUI。ZENGSHUIXINGFANGSHUIJIYEBAOHANJUHEWU,ZHEIXIEJUHEWUYUHUNNINGTUHUCHUAN,NENGGOUZAIQINEIBUXINGCHENGLIANXU DESHUSHUIMO。JUHEWUWAIJIAJIKEYIDUSAIHUNNINGTUDEKONGXI,DANSHITAMENBUNENGZAIHUNNINGTULIEFENGZHONGQIDAO“QIAOJIELIEFENG”DEZUOYONG,YINCISHUIRENGKEYICONGHUNNINGTUZHONGSHENTOU。SHIYOUJICHANPINBUYUHUNNINGTUFAN YING,YUJUHEWUWAIJIAJIYIYANGWUFAQIAOJIELIEFENG,SHUINENGGOUZAICICONGHUNNINGTUNEIBUTONGGUO。

刘伯温期期准选一肖   DI2ZHONGPRASHIXIFENSANWU。QIZHONG,YIXIECHENGHUAXUEDUOXING,YIXIEJUHUAXUEHUOXING。 ZHEILEIWAIJIAJITONGGUOTIANCHONGHUNNINGTUNEIBUKONGXI,CONGERXIANZHISHUIDEYUNDONG,LIRUHUASHIFEN、PENGRUNTU、SHIHUI、GUISUANYANWUZHIHEGUIRONGJIAO。XIFENSANCAILIAOTIGAOLEHUNNINGTUDEMISHIDU,TIANCHONGHUNNINGTUNEIBU KONGXI;RANERTAMENJINXIANYUFANGCHAOHUOZHESHUSHUI,BINGBUNENGWANQUANDUZHUHUNNINGTUNEIBUSHENSHUITONGDAO,TAMENZHINENGYONGYUWUJINGSHUIYALIDEQINGXINGXIA。

  DI3ZHONGHUNNINGTUPRASHIJIEJINGWAI JIAJI。BASFDERheomac 300DHEIPADEIpanexJIUSHUYUJIEJINGWAIJIAJI。ZHEIXIEWAIJIAJIXIANGYINGZHISUANLEIYIYANG,NENGGOUYUBOTELANSHUINISHUIHUACHANSHENGDEQINGYANGHUAGAIFANYING。JIEJINGWAIJIAJITONGCHANGYUSHUINI、SHAYIQIBEI ZHICHENGHUNHEWUCHANPIN。TANENGGOUYUSHUINIZHONGDESHUIHEQINGYANGHUAGAIFANYING,SHENGCHENGSHUIHUAGUISUANGAIHEDUSAIKONGXIDEWUZHI。TAZAIHUNNINGTUSUXINGZHUANGTAIZHIHOURENGNENGJIXUFANYING。ZHIYAOYOUSHUIHEQINGYANGHUAGAICUNZAI(HUN NINGTUSHANGWEIWANQUANTANHUA),TAMENZAISHIGONGDUONIANHOURENGKEYIJIXUQIDAOQIAOJIEWEIGUANLIEWENHEDUSAIHUNNINGTUMAOXIKONGDEZUOYONG。ZAIMOUXIEJINGSHUIYALIXIA,ZHEIZHONGWAIJIAJIKEYIDIKANGSHUIDESHENTOUZUOYONG;DANSHITA MENWUFAQIAOJIEHUNNINGTUJINGNIANLEIYUEHOUDEJIEGUANHEHONGGUANLIEWEN。

  2、用于混凝土表面的屏障型防水剂 

 YONGYUHUNNINGTUBIAOMIANDEPINGZHANGXINGFANGSHUIJIBAOHANLEYUNEIXIEHUNNINGTUWAIJIAJIXIANGSIDEHUAHEWU。PINGZHANGXINGFANGSHUIJIYOUSHUSHUICAILIAORUYINGZHISUANYAN、DUKONGCAILIAORUPENGRUNTU、JIEJINGWAIJIAJIRUPIANGUISUANNA(SHUI BOLITIXI)DENGZUCHENG。ZHEIXIEWAIJIAJIYONGYUBIAOMIANPINGZHANGHEYONGYUCHANRUHUNNINGTUNEIBUSHI,TAMENDEXINGNENGSHIXIANGJINDE。TAMENKEYIFANGCHAO,JUYOUYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGDESHUSHUIZUOYONG;JINGUANRUCI,TAMENCUNZAIZHE XIANGTONGDEJUXIANXING——ZHINENGYONGYUWUJINGSHUIYALICUNZAIDEQINGXING,TONGSHIQIAOJIELIEWENDENENGLIHENYOUXIAN。

  3、总结

刘伯温期期准选一肖   YIGECHENGGONGDEFANGSHUIFANGANGUANJIANZAIYU,YAONONGQINGCHUQIJICHUSHIFOUCHUYUJINGSHUIYALIXIA,RANHOUZAIXUANZEHESHIDEFANGSHUIXITONG。

刘伯温期期准选一肖   PRA(FANGSHENJI)DECHANRUHUIYINGXIANGDAOSUXINGHUNNINGTUDEXINGNENG,WUBIZIXILIULANCHANPINDESHUJUXINXI,BINGJINXINGSHIBANPEILIAO,YIQUEBAOHUNNINGTUBANHEWUNENGGOUDADAOYUQIDEXINGNENG。PRAWAIJIAJICHANGSHANGYIBANKEYIZHIJIETIGONGJIWOMENYOUGUANCHANLIANG、TIANJIASHUNXU、JIAOBANSHIJIAN、YUJIAONINGTIXIZHONGQITACAILIAODESHIYINGXINGDENGXINXI。

  PINGZHANGXINGFANGSHUITIXIDECHENGGONGTONGYANGYAOQIUZIXIYUEDUCHANPINDESHUJUZILIAO,YIQUEDINGGAIXITONGJIEJUEFANGFASHIFOUSHIHE。BIAOMIANZHUNBEIGONGZUOSHIPINGZHANGXINGFANGSHUIXITONGCHENGGONGYUFOUDEYIGEGUANJIANYINSU。ZUNZHAOCHANPINSHUOMINGSHU,YANGEKONGZHIBIAOMIANCHULIGUOCHENG、TUMOHOUDU、XIADAOTUMOGONGXUQIANDEYANGHUSHIJIAN,BIYAOSHIHAIXUJINXINGFANGZIWAIXIANBAOHU。

  WAICHANXINGFANGSHENJIHEPINGZHANGXINGFANGSHUIJIDOUDUIQIHOUSHIGONGDETULIAOXITONGDEXINGNENGYOUYINGXIANG。MOUXIEGAOXINGNENGTULIAORUJUNIAOXUYAOYANGEDEHUNNINGTUBIAOMIANZHUNBEIGONGZUO,BAOKUOKENENGXUYAODEBIAOMIANCHULIDIQIHUO ZHANJIEJI。XUYAOJISHIYUTULIAOGONGHUOSHANGJINXINGGOUTONG,BAOKUOKANGSHENXITONGDEZHONGLEIYIJIHUNNINGTUJIEGOUDESHIYONGNIANXIAN,BINGJIANLIXIANGGUANMOXINGQUPANDINGKANGSHENXITONGYUTULIAOXITONGSHIFOUXIANGSHIYING。